High-frequency transformers realize high-frequency operation through the principle of electromagnetic induction. When alternating current passes through the primary coil, an alternating magnetic field is generated, which cuts the secondary coil, thereby generating an induced electromotive force in the secondary coil. The size of this induced electromotive force is related to the magnetic flux, magnetic field strength and the number of coil turns.
In high-frequency transformers, the coupling between the primary and secondary coils is achieved through a magnetic core. The magnetic core can effectively concentrate the magnetic field and improve the coupling efficiency between coils. In addition, the magnetic cores in high-frequency transformers generally use materials with high magnetic permeability and low magnetic loss, such as ferrite or nanocrystalline alloys. These materials can effectively reduce magnetic losses and eddy current losses.
High-frequency transformers mainly play the role of voltage and current conversion in circuits. By changing the turns ratio of the primary and secondary coils, changes in voltage or current can be achieved. At the same time, high-frequency transformers can also achieve electrical isolation, making the primary and secondary circuits independent of each other to avoid mutual interference and danger.
The frequency range of high-frequency transformers can range from tens of Hz to hundreds of megahertz or even higher. Its frequency is mainly affected by the inductance and capacitance in the circuit. Under high-frequency conditions, the inductance and capacitance in the circuit will act as a certain impedance and hinder the flow of current. Therefore, in order for the high-frequency transformer to work properly, the parameters of the inductor and capacitor need to be reasonably selected and matched.
In general, the design of high-frequency transformers needs to take into account multiple factors such as frequency, coupling, core, materials and circuit parameters. Through reasonable design and selection, the normal operation and high-efficiency transmission of energy of high-frequency transformers can be achieved.